Iran at a glance

Iran's area, natural diversity, cultural and archeological centers and many other unique features convert this country to one of the main tourist destinations in the world.

Iran at a Glance

Location: Asia; borders with Iraq, Caucasian and central Asian Republics, Afghanistan and Pakistan.

Area: 1,650,000 km2, three times the size of France.

Climate: most regions; long, hot summer and sharp winters. Marked contrasts in the northwest, east and central desert regions.

Population: 80 million, more than 70% living in cities and towns.

Government: A Theocracy with a Supreme Leader, an assembly of theological experts, a Council of Guardians and elected Parliament and President.

Capital: Tehran (population over 12 millions).

Major cities: Mashhad, Isfahan, Shiraz, Tabriz, Ahvaz, Hamedan.

Language: Farsi (Persian, an Indo-Aryan language).

Race: Aryans

Religion: predominantly Shi’a Muslims, with some Sunnis; also Zoroastrians, Christians and Jews.

Currency: Rial IRR (10 Rials =1 Tumans)

International telephone code: +98

Public Holidays: 11 February, 20 March till 1 April (Norouz-Persian New year Eve), 4 and 5 June. Also numerous Muslim holidays dated to the Lunar calendar.

Islamic Republic of Iran
جمهوری اسلامی ایران
Jomhuri-ye Eslāmi-ye Irān
Flag Emblem
"استقلال، آزادی، جمهوری اسلامی"
"Esteqlāl, Āzādi, Jomhuri-ye Eslāmi"
"Independence, freedom, the Islamic Republic"
(de facto)[1]
Anthem: مهر خاوران
Mehr-e Xāvarān
"The Eastern Sun"
and largest city
35°41′N 51°25′E / 35.683°N 51.417°E / 35.683; 51.417