Iran at a Glance
Location: Asia; borders with Iraq, Caucasian and central Asian Republics, Afghanistan and Pakistan.
Area: 1,650,000 km2, three times the size of France.
Climate: most regions; long, hot summer and sharp winters. Marked contrasts in the northwest, east and central desert regions.
Population: 80 million, more than 70% living in cities and towns.
Government: A Theocracy with a Supreme Leader, an assembly of theological experts, a Council of Guardians and elected Parliament and President.
Capital: Tehran (population over 12 millions).
Major cities: Mashhad, Isfahan, Shiraz, Tabriz, Ahvaz, Hamedan.
Language: Farsi (Persian, an Indo-Aryan language).
Religion: predominantly Shi’a Muslims, with some Sunnis; also Zoroastrians, Christians and Jews.
Currency: Rial IRR (10 Rials =1 Tumans)
International telephone code: +98
Public Holidays: 11 February, 20 March till 1 April (Norouz-Persian New year Eve), 4 and 5 June. Also numerous Muslim holidays dated to the Lunar calendar.